Exploring Diffraction Space

From the classroom to the laboratory to the synchrotron: SingleCrystal is the easiest way to visualize and understand diffraction properties of crystals.

CrystalMaker and SingleCrystal windows

SingleCrystal works with CrystalMaker so you can visualize a structure in one window and simulate its diffraction - with linked rotation - in another.

What is SingleCrystal?

application icon

SingleCrystal is an elegant program designed to make the world of diffraction, reciprocal lattices and stereographic projections intuitive, interactive and fun!

SingleCrystal can simulate X-ray, neutron and electron diffraction patterns from single crystals, as well as being able to display reciprocal lattice sections and stereographic projections.

Key diffraction techniques such as Laue, Precession & transmission electron diffraction are simulated, with real-time multi-touch structure/diffraction rotation, beautiful Retina Graphics (Mac) - plus extensive control over sample and instrumental parameters.

Need Powder Diffraction? Try our CrystalDiffract program for x-ray or neutron powder diffraction.

SingleCrystal Interface

Simulating electron diffraction for scapolite along [111]. An angle measurement is visible and the stereogram drawer is open.

CrystalMaker Integration

Part of a crystal structure, and its simulated diffraction pattern

SingleCrystal is designed to work with CrystalMaker, reading from saved crystal files to simulate diffraction properties. The two programs can be linked, letting you view a crystal structure in one window, and its diffraction pattern in another. With CrystalMaker's "Live Rotation Mode" enabled, rotating the crystal causes its diffraction pattern to rotate - and vice versa.

Real-Time Multi-Touch Control

Tilt control

SingleCrystal lets you rotate your (virtual) crystal in real time, using multi-touch gestures (Mac), by clicking-and-dragging with the mouse, clicking toolbar "tilt" controls, or using the keyboard. Precise tilts can be entered, or you can define a view direction as a plane normal or lattice vector.

Other controls allow you to change the scale (camera constant), saturation, sample thickness, wavelength and other parameters.

Measure and Explore

Label icon

SingleCrystal can label reflexions, show systematic absences, and lets you measure distances and angles between diffraction spots. You can colour-code your patterns by intensity, wavelength, or even phase angle.

Diffraction- and structural data can be browsed and sorted on screen. You can edit lattice parameters and site occupancies - and opt to exclude certain sites from the diffraction calculation.

Compare Simulated & Observed Data

Screen measurement tools

You can use SingleCrystal as a virtual lightbox: just drag-and-drop a diffraction image into any window, zoom in to examine fine details, move or rotate the image. Use the translucent Ruler, Protractor and Grid tools to measure your pattern and copy the results to the clipboard.

Simulated patterns can be superimposed above observed patterns, for direct comparison. With the Grid tool, auto-indexing is a breeze: just position the grid points over your observed pattern (TEM or Precession photos) and let SingleCrystal calculate the best-fit orientation and index your diffraction spots.

Stereographic Projections

To help you navigate through diffraction space, you can take advantage of a live stereographic projection ("stereogram") which can be displayed on the right-hand side of each diffraction window.

The stereogram shows the angular positions of plane normals or lattice vectors (zone axes) plotted as poles and optionally as great circle traces - and is fully customizable. SingleCrystal can even display symmetry-related poles and traces.

Triclinic and cubic stereograms

Stereographic projections for a triclinic crystal (left) and a cubic crystal (right). The triclinic stereogram shows the planes 100 and 010 in the [001] zone, superimposed over a stereonet. The cubic projection shows symmetry-related planes and their traces, which were automatically added by SingleCrystal.

Data & Graphics Export

SingleCrystal lets you save your work in a self-contained session file, ready for instant display next time you use the program. You can also export diffraction data listings and "Zone Axes" files - useful for indexing observed patterns.

Diffraction patterns (including background pictures and measurements) can be printed at high resolution. You can also copy or export graphics and stereographic projections in either pixel- or vector-based formats.

Cross Platform

Windows 10 Logo white space Mac Logo

SingleCrystal is available in two separate versions, for Windows (XP through to Windows 10), or for Mac OS X ("Snow Leopard" to "El Capitan").

Mac and Windows versions share the same binary file format, and similar feature sets, making cross-platform working and collaboration easy!

Each version is written, from scratch, for its respective operating system: real, genuine, 100% native software - giving you the best-possible performance and user interface desig, with zero compromise!

Apple Design Award

SingleCrystal 1.3 received an Apple Design Award in 2007.

Copyright © 2017 CrystalMaker Software Ltd. All rights reserved.